Finding the right treatment option for hair loss requires an adequate understanding of the cause and symptoms of the condition. While your general practitioner can be able to identify the cause of your excessive hair fall, he/she does not have the knowledge to prepare a treatment plan. For this, you need to consult a hair restoration specialist.
You may need to wait for a certain period before you get any treatment. This makes it possible for the specialist to determine the pattern and progress of the loss. In certain circumstances, the condition may also improve without any treatment. For example, if you were experiencing hair loss due to pregnancy, the condition may improve after childbirth.
What are the different options that may be incorporated into your treatment plan? How do you benefit from these treatment options? Here is a close look at the way the different options work and their advantages.
Treatment of the primary condition: Sometimes, this is an effect of an underlying health condition, such as hyper/hypothyroidism. Effective management of the health condition may be all that you need. The hair fall may also be caused by conditions such as discoid lupus or lichen planus. Proper treatment of these problems will be able to prevent further damages.
Minoxidil lotion: Used to treat both male and female pattern baldness, this lotion is rubbed on the affected area on the scalp regularly. This lotion may reduce or stop hair fall within 12 weeks of regular application. Moreover, this formulation has no side effects in the majority of cases, and therefore, is suitable for all.
Finasteride tablets: These medications are usually suitable for the treatment of male pattern baldness. Daily consumption of these tablets can enhance the growth of hair in men. However, you need to understand that the effects of the medications take time to show results; you may have to take them for years to see considerable improvement.
Phototherapy: The use of light on the bald patches may lead to growth of hair in the areas. For this treatment, ultraviolet (UV) rays, either UVA or UVB, are used in the areas. This therapy may be effective for certain individuals; however, keep in mind that the effects may disappear if you discontinue treatment.
Immunotherapy: If you experience extensive hair loss, this can be the right choice for you. The treatment involves the application of a chemical solution to a particular bald spot. The strength of the formulation is increased in further sessions. The reaction of this chemical solution results in growth of hair on the spot.
Hair transplant surgery: This may involve two procedures – Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT). While FUE involves harvesting of individual grafts of hair from the donor area to the recipient area, FUT involves harvesting a strip of numerous grafts from the donor area to the recipient area.
Scalp reduction surgery: Appropriate for treating scarring alopecia, this surgery involves removing bald sections of the scalp and stretching of the hair covered sections of the scalp over this area. The sections of the hair covered scalp stretched over the bald sections are stitched in place to improve the look.
Another popular option is to use a wig to cover the bald sections. You may choose wigs made from acrylic or human hair as per your preferences. However, keep in mind that the wigs made from human hair may not be useable after a few years.
It is possible to find a treatment for baldness appropriate for you. However, it is possible only if you consult a competent hair restoration specialist. He/she can examine your medical and family history, analyse your symptoms, conduct tests and examinations to identify the cause of the problem and prepare the right treatment plan.